TASK 2048

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TASK 2048

         When performing this task with cabin doors open, ensure that
         any personnel in the cabin area are wearing a safety harness
         secured to a tie-down ring or are seated in a seat with seat belt

         A static electricity discharge wand will be utilized in accordance
         with FM 4-20.197

Note: Prior to external load operations, a qualified external load inspector will inspect all
non-training sling loads. Certification must be recorded on a DA Form 7382-R (Sling Load
Inspection Record) and a copy provided to the aircrews.
CONDITIONS: In a UH-1 helicopter with an operational cargo hook, sling load, completed
DA Form 7382-R, or training load in accordance with FM 4-20.197.

STANDARDS: Appropriate common standards plus these additions/modifications:

1. Rated.

a. Before hookup. Verify that DA Form 7382-R is complete and on file and that the aircraft
will remain within gross weight (GWT) and center of gravity (CG) limitations.

b. Hookup and hover.

(1) Ensure that the aircraft remains clear of the load and any obstacles.

(2) Perform a vertical ascent with the load to a load height of 5 feet ±3 feet.

(3) Determine power sufficient to complete the maneuver without exceeding aircraft

c. Takeoff. Maintain aircraft in trim (above 100 feet AGL).

d. Approach and load release.

(1) Maintain a constant approach angle to ensure the load safely clears obstacles and
terminate over the intended point of landing with a load height of 5 feet ±3 feet.

(2) Perform a vertical descent with the load to the desired touchdown point ±5 feet.

2. Nonrated.

a. The nonrated crewmember (NCM) will ensure that the aircraft is prepared for external
load operations. The NCM will also ensure that all slings have been properly inspected and
all sling equipment is secured in the aircraft before takeoff.

b. Provide aircraft guidance for hook up and release.

c. Clear the aircraft and sling load during the operation.

d. Confirm load is hooked and secure.

e. Ensure load is free of entanglements.

f. Continue to monitor load for oscillation.

1. Crew actions.

a. The pilot in command (PC) will conduct a thorough crew briefing and ensure all
crewmembers are familiar with sling load operations, emergency, and communication
procedures. The PC will ensure that DA Form 7382-R has been completed. The PC will
determine the direction of takeoff by analyzing the tactical situation, the wind, the long axis
of the takeoff area, and the lowest obstacles and will confirm that required power is available
by comparing the information from the performance planning card (PPC) to the hover power

b. The pilot on the controls (P*) will remain primarily focused primarily outside the aircraft
throughout the maneuver. The P* will monitor altitude and avoid obstacles.

c. The pilot not on the controls (P) will monitor the cockpit instruments and assist the P* in
clearing the aircraft. The P will set cargo hook switches, as required, and should make all
radio calls. When directed by the P* during the approach, the P will place the cargo hook
arming switch to the ARMED position. The P or NCM will release the load.

d. The P and NCM will assist in clearing the aircraft and will provide adequate warning of

e. The NCM will remain primarily focused on the load. The NCM will guide the P* during
the load pickup, advise of the load condition in flight, and direct the P* when setting down
the load.

2. Procedures.
a. Hookup and hover. Set cargo hook control switches per the appropriate aircraft operator’s
manual. Follow hand and arm signals from the signalman and commands from the NCM to
hover over the load. Remain vertically clear of and centered over the load. When the load is
hooked up, remove slack from the sling and ascend vertically to a load height of 5 feet AGL.
Ensure aircraft limitations are not exceeded.

b. Takeoff. Establish a constant angle of climb that will permit safe obstacle clearance.
When above 100 feet AGL or when clear of obstacles, adjust attitude and power as required
to establish the desired rate of climb and airspeed. Smoothly adjust flight controls to prevent
load oscillation. After passing above 300 feet AGL, place the cargo hook-arming switch to
the SAFE position.

Note: Ensure that the cargo hook-arming switch is in the ARMED position when operating
at altitudes below 300 feet above highest obstacle (AHO).

c. En route. Maintain the desired altitude, flight path, and airspeed. Make smooth control
applications to prevent load oscillation. If a lateral load oscillation occurs, reduce airspeed. If
a fore-and-aft oscillation occurs, begin a shallow turn while reducing airspeed.

d. Approach and load release. Establish and maintain an approach angle that will keep the
load clear of obstacles to the desired point of termination. Establish a rate of closure
appropriate for the conditions and the load. When passing below 300 feet AGL, place the
cargo hook-arming switch to the ARMED position. Terminate the approach at a stationary
hover with the load 5 feet above the intended release point. Confirm with the NCM that the
release point is clear. Descend vertically until the load rests completely on the ground.
Continue descent to obtain slack in the sling, and then hover laterally to ensure the clevis is
clear of the load before releasing the load. Confirm that the load is released before moving
away from the release point.

Note: Hover out-of-ground effect (OGE) power is required for this task.

Note: Loads will meet external air transportability (EAT) requirements in accordance with
FM 4-20.197. Procedures for air transportation of hazardous material will be in accordance
with AR 95-27.

Note: Avoid flight over populated areas.

Note: Before the mission, the PC will ensure that all crewmembers are familiar with the hand
and arm signals shown in FM 21-60 and with forced landing procedures. In case of a forced
landing, the aviator will land the aircraft to the left of the load. The hookup man will move to
his left, which is to the right of the aircraft and lie facedown on the ground. The signalman
will remain in place and lie facedown on the ground.

Note: Control switches will not be moved without verbal announcement first. If the
crewmember pendant is used, the crewmember must be trained in accordance with the unit

Note: Figure 4-4 is a list of standard words and phrases to be used for external load


1. For unaided night flight, the landing light and searchlight should be operational. If an NVG
filter is installed, it should be removed.

2. When NVGs are used, hovering with minimum drift is difficult and requires proper scanning
techniques and crewmember coordination. If possible, an area with adequate ground contrast and
reference points should be used. Visual obstacles such as shadows should be treated the same as
physical obstacles.

3. The rate of descent and rate of closure should be slightly slower to avoid abrupt attitude
changes at low altitudes.

4. Sling loads should be marked with chemical stick lighting.

  “Hook is armed”             “Hook up crew clear left”
  “Load under the nose”       “Slings coming tight”
  “Load in sight”             “Slings tight”
  “Forward”                   “Load is off the ground”
  “Back”                      “Cleared for flight”
  “Left”                      “Load on ground”
  “Right”                     “Slack in the slings”
  “Down”                      “Release the load”
  “Up”                        “Load is released”
  “Hold”                      “Clear to reposition”
  “Load is hooked”            “Hook is OFF”
  “Hookup crew clear right”
  Figure 4-4. Standard words and phrases for sling load operations
1. Training will be conducted in the aircraft.
2. Evaluation will be conducted in the aircraft.

REFERENCES: Appropriate common references plus the following:
FM 21-60
FM 4-20.197
FM 10-450-4
AR 95-27